|City of Vacaville|
|Incorporated||August 9, 1892|
|• Mayor||Ron Rowlett|
|• State Senator||Bill Dodd (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Jim Frazier (D)|
|• U. S. Rep.||John Garamendi (D)|
|• Total||29.42 sq mi (76.19 km2)|
|• Land||29.19 sq mi (75.59 km2)|
|• Water||0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2) 0.74%|
|Elevation||174 ft (53 m)|
|Highest elevation||300 ft (90 m)|
|Lowest elevation||90 ft (30 m)|
|• Rank||75th in California|
314th in the United States
|• Density||3,449.14/sq mi (1,331.73/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
95687, 95688, 95696
|GNIS feature IDs||277624, 2412139|
Vacaville is a city located in Solano County in Northern California. Sitting approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Sacramento and 55 miles (89 km) from San Francisco, it is within the Sacramento Valley but is also considered, at least by some agencies, to be part of the San Francisco Bay Area. As of the 2020 census, Vacaville had a population of 102,386, making it the third largest city in Solano County.
Prior to European contact, the indigenous Patwin tribe lived in the area with the Ululato tribelet establishing a chiefdom around the Ululato village in what is now downtown Vacaville along the Ulatis Creek.
The early settler pioneers of the land were Juan Manuel Cabeza Vaca and Juan Felipe Peña who were awarded a 44,000-acre (18,000 ha) Mexican land grant in 1842. The same year in 1842, Vaca and Peña's families settled in the area of Lagoon Valley. Peña's Adobe home is the oldest standing building, built in 1842.
Discussions for the sale of a portion of land to William McDaniel began in August 1850. A written agreement was signed on December 13, 1851, forming a township, nine square miles of land were deeded to William McDaniel for $3,000, and the original city plans were laid out from that. In the agreement, McDaniel's would name the new town after Juan Manuel Cabeza Vaca.
In 1880, Leonard Buck created the California Fruit Shipping Association, as well as the L.W. and F.H. Buck Company, an early company selling auctioned fruit in the state, and Vacaville was soon home to many large produce companies and local farms which flourished due to the Vaca Valley's rich soil.
It officially became a city in 1892.
In August 2020, parts of Vacaville were evacuated due to the Hennessey Fire, which resulted in the burning of over 315,000 acres (127,476 ha) in five counties, including in Vacaville where farms and homes were destroyed.
There are a number of rare and endangered species in the Vacaville area. Endangered plants which have historically occurred in the vernal pool areas in and around Vacaville include Legenre limosa, Plagiobothrys hystriculus, Downingia humilis, Contra Costa Goldfields (Lasthenia conjugens), and Showy Indian clover (Trifolium amoenum). To this day Trifolium amoenum can still be found in Lagoon Valley Regional Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.6 square miles (74 km2). 99.26% of the area is land and 0.74% is water. Excluding the Putah South Canal and minor local creeks, the only significant body of water within the city is the 105-acre (0.42 km2) Lagoon Valley Lake.
Vacaville has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Characteristic of inland California, summers can get quite hot. Autumns are warm in the early part but quickly cool down as the wet season approaches. Winters can be cool, and often foggy, but are mild compared to other regions. Spring is a rather pleasant season with fairly mild temperatures and not so much rain. The greater majority of precipitation falls in the autumn, winter, and spring months with little to none in summer.
According to National Weather Service records, average January temperatures in Vacaville are a maximum of 55.4 °F (13.0 °C) and a minimum of 36.7 °F (2.6 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 95.2 °F (35.1 °C) and a minimum of 56.1 °F (13.4 °C). There are an average of 87.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. There are an average of 30.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) on July 23, 2006. The record low temperature was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 26, 1924.
Average annual precipitation is 24.55 inches (624 mm). There are an average of 57 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 48.90 inches (1,242 mm) and the driest year was 2012 with 5 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 19.83 inches (504 mm) in January 1916. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 6.10 inches (155 mm) on February 27, 1940. Snowfall is rare in Vacaville, but light measurable amounts have occurred, including 2.2 inches (56 mm) in January 1907 and 2.0 inches (51 mm) in December 1988.
|Climate data for Vacaville, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||81
|Average high °F (°C)||56
|Average low °F (°C)||39
|Record low °F (°C)||18
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||5.33
|U.S. Decennial Census 2020 U.S. Census |
According to the 2020 United States Census, Vacaville had a population of 102,386. During the period 2015-2019 there were an average of 2.81 people per household. The American Community Survey (ACS) estimated the population identified as 50.5% non-hispanic white, 24.8% hispanic or latino, 10.1% black or African-American, 8.1% of two or more races, 7.8% Asian, 0.9% native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and 0.7% American Indian or Alaska Native. The same survey estimated that 22.7% of the population was under 18 years old and 14% was over 65 years old.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Vacaville had a population of 92,428. The population density was 3,233.5 people per square mile (1,248.5/km2). The racial makeup of Vacaville was 61,301 (66.3%) White, 9,510 (10.3%) African American, 846 (0.9%) Native American, 5,606 (6.1%) Asian (3.3% Filipino, 0.7% Chinese, 0.6% Indian, 0.5% Japanese, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.3% Korean), 532 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 8,136 (8.8%) from other races, and 6,497 (7.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,121 persons (22.9%); 17.0% of Vacaville is Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.3% Nicaraguan, 0.2% Guatemalan, and 0.2% Peruvian.
The Census reported that 91.3% of the population lived in households and 8.6% were institutionalized.
There were 31,092 households, out of which 11,747 (37.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,347 (52.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,068 (13.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,686 (5.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,892 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 208 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,053 households (22.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,689 (8.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 22,101 families (71.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.
The population was spread out, with 21,511 people (23.3%) under the age of 18, 8,963 people (9.7%) aged 18 to 24, 26,269 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 26,016 people (28.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,669 people (10.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.1 males.
There were 32,814 housing units at an average density of 1,148.0 per square mile (443.2/km2), of which 63.4% were owner-occupied and 36.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 59.0% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32.3% lived in rental housing units.
As of the 2000 census there were 88,625 people living in the city. The population density was 1,263.6/km2 (3,272.3/mi2). There were 28,696 housing units at an average density of 409.1/km2 (1,059.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.11% White, 10.02% African American, 0.97% Native American, 4.18% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 6.74% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. 17.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 28,105 households, 20,966 were families: 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were "non-families." 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24.
The median age was 34 years, and the age distribution of the population was rather spread out: 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. However, the sex ratio was higher than the national average. For every 100 females, there were 118.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.7 males.
According to the city of Vacaville, in 2019/2020, median household income was $82,513, which was 39 percent above the national average and 19 percent higher than the state average.
In 2007, the median income for a family was $63,950. Also in 2007, males had a median income of $43,527 versus $31,748 for females and per capita income for the city was $21,557. 6.1% of the population and 4.3% of families lived below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.4% of those under the age of 18 and 4.8% of those 65 and older lived below the poverty line.
There are biotechnology/pharmaceutical facilities operated by Genentech, ALZA Corporation, Kaiser Permanente, and Novartis International AG. On May 14, 2014, ICON Aircraft announced they would consolidate all company functions in a new 140,000-square-foot facility in Vacaville. Two state prisons are located in Vacaville: California State Prison, Solano and California Medical Facility. The latter prison houses inmates undergoing medical treatments.
According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation||2,915|
|2||Vacaville Unified School District||1,273|
|4||City of Vacaville||820|
|6||State Compensation Insurance Fund||670|
|7||Kaiser Permanente (Kaiser Vacaville)||600|
|8||NorthBay Healthcare (NorthBay VacaValley Hospital||470|
|10||Travis Credit Union||311|
Arts and culture
Between 1992 and 1995, local artist Guillermo Wagner Granizo installed twenty outdoor ceramic tile murals, set into three freestanding walls near City Hall entitled, "Vacaville Centennial". The murals depict various aspects of the history of the city of Vacaville, including the early pioneers Juan Manuel Vaca, Juan Felipe Peña and William McDaniel, the early fruit industry, the first schools, Peña Adobe Park, the Nut Tree (a 1920s roadside fruit and nut stand), various parades, the annual tree lighting ceremony, "Hamburger Hill", and the factory outlet stores, among others.
The city holds annual Vacaville Fiesta Days, that happens downtown, which includes a parade that features the public school marching bands, gymnasts, and even an electric car showcase, among other things. Other sites for tourists include the Vacaville Premium Outlets and the Nut Tree, which is home to a train for children, a carousel, and even a life-size checkerboard, as well as numerous stores and dining establishments. Every Friday during the summer the city holds the Creek Walk in Down Town Vacaville. Every December, the city holds a Festival of Trees in the ice skating rink and the Tree Lighting Ceremony, in which residents of Vacaville gather downtown to see a 50-foot (15 m) tree illuminate and enjoy festive music played by the Jepson Band, hot chocolate, and horse-drawn carriage rides. The Jimmy Doolittle Center at the Nut Tree Airport displays aircraft from as early as 1912 and is home to the Jimmy Doolittle Shell Lockheed Vega. Displays also include personal items of General Doolittle and items related to the Doolittle Raid of 1942.
The city has two unified public school districts, a community college district, private schools and colleges.
Public elementary and secondary schools
The Vacaville Unified School District includes the following campuses:
- Ace Charter School
- Alamo Elementary
- Browns Valley Elementary
- Edwin Markham Elementary
- Eugene Padan Elementary
- Fairmont Charter Elementary
- Cooper Elementary
- Orchard Elementary
- Hemlock Elementary
- Jean Callison Elementary
- Sierra Vista K-8
- Ernest Kimme Academy for Independent Learners (K-12)
- Kairos Public Schools Vacaville Academy (K-8)
- Vaca Pena Middle School
- Willis Jepson Middle School
- Sierra Vista K-8
- Ernest Kimme Academy for Independent Learners (K-12)
- Kairos Public Schools Vacaville Academy
- Buckingham Charter Magnet High School
- Country High School
- Vacaville High School
- Will C. Wood High School
- Ernest Kimme Academy for Independent Learners (K–12)
Travis Unified School District
The Travis Unified School District campuses include:
- Cambridge Elementary
- Foxboro Elementary
- Travis Elementary
- Scandia Elementary School
- Center Elementary
Its campuses serving Vacaville secondary students are:
- Golden West Middle School
- Vanden High School
Private institutions with campuses in Vacaville are:
- Bethany Lutheran Preschool and Elementary School
- Faith Academy (Independent)
- Notre Dame Parochial School
- Vacaville Adventist (Seventh-day Adventist)
- Vacaville Christian Schools (pre-school through 12th grade)
Colleges and universities
The town has a District supporting the Solano Community College. Among others, it offers an associate degree in biotechnology, which could lead to employment with local industries.
Other colleges and universities include:
- California Maritime Academy
- Touro University College of Osteopathic Medicine
- The University of Phoenix
The city includes two hospitals, NorthBay VacaValley Hospital, a 50-bed facility whose campus also includes the NorthBay Cancer Center and HealthSpring Fitness Center, and the Kaiser Permanente Vacaville Medical Center, a hospital and trauma center.
(B) denotes that the person was born in Vacaville.
- Arthur Adams (born 1963), comic book artist known for Longshot and Monkeyman and O'Brien
- Brothers Wayne and Trent Gardner - founders and members of American prog metal band Magellan
- Dennis Alexio (born 1959) – kickboxer, eight-time world champion (B)
- Chris Begley – member of the band Fight Fair
- Andy Bloom (born 1973) - Olympic shot putter, NCAA champion in shot put and discus
- Frank H. Buck - politician, fruit baron, developer of Beverly Hills, California (B)
- Jarrett Bush – NFL player, Green Bay Packers, Will C. Wood High School alumnus (B)
- Kyle DeVan – offensive guard for Indianapolis Colts
- Jermaine Dye – Major League Baseball player; 2005 World Series MVP with the Chicago White Sox (B)
- Tony Gonsolin - Pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers (B)
- Xzavie Jackson – defensive end for Cincinnati Bengals
- Stefan Janoski - skateboarder
- Willis Linn Jepson - botanist and conservationist (B)
- Josh Kaddu - linebacker for the Miami Dolphins
- Bonnie McKee - pop singer and songwriter (B)
- Vince Newsome - NFL player for Los Angeles Rams, Cleveland Browns, Baltimore Ravens; in 1983, became first Vacaville resident drafted into NFL
- Frank Parker - actor, played Grandpa Shawn Brady on Days of Our Lives
- Papa Roach – rock band
- Aaron Pauley - bassist and vocalist of rock band Of Mice & Men
- Michael Polenske - vintner
- A. Purves Pullen (a.k.a. Dr. Birdbath) – voice actor known for mimicking birds and animals, including bird sounds in the Disney film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
- Jacoby Shaddix – lead singer of rock band Papa Roach
- Casey Sheehan – awarded Bronze Star with Palm Fronds posthumously for actions in Iraq on April 4, 2004
- Cindy Sheehan – political activist
- Jessica Sierra - singer
- Carson Strong - College football quarterback for Nevada Wolf Pack football (B)Cite error: A
<ref>tag is missing the closing
</ref>(see the help page).
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". City of Vacaville, CA. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Vacaville". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "About Vacaville". City of Vacaville, CA. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
- "Cost of Living in Vacaville, California".
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Vacaville city, California". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
- Escalante, Eric (August 8, 2019). "Why is it called Vacaville, CA? Here's how the city got its name". KXTV. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- "A City In Ceramics, Vacaville's Centennial Panels". Vacaville Magazine. pp. 56–58. Retrieved June 22, 2020 – via issuu.com.
- Munro-Fraser, J. P. (1879). History of Solano County...and histories of its cities, towns...etc. Wood, Alley & Co. p. 317.
- California Fruit Grower (San Francisco, Calif.). Brainard N. Rowley. 1908. p. 12.
- "Hennessey Fire Information". fire.ca.gov. California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
- Environmental Assessment for the Green Tree Assessment District, Earth Metrics Inc Report 7690, City of Vacaville, March, 1989
- "VACAVILLE, CALIFORNIA". Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- Monthly Averages for Vacaville, CA (95688), Weather.com, retrieved October 19, 2012
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "=2020 U.S. Census".
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Vacaville city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Vacaville Information". Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "ICON to relocate to Vacaville" General Aviation News, May 14, 2014. Accessed: May 15, 2014.
- City of Vacaville CAFR
- "Public Art in Vacaville" (PDF). Community Service Commission, Cultural Arts Advisory Committee.
- "Buckingham Collegiate Charter Academy". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 – via schoolloop.com.
- "Country High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2020 – via schoolloop.com.
- "Vacaville High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 – via schoolloop.com.
- "Will C. Wood High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 – via schoolloop.com.
- Cooke, Jon B. "The Art of Arthur Adams", Reprinted from Comic Book Artist No. 17, November 15, 2001
- George Khoury and Eric Nolen-Weathington. Modern Masters Volume Six: Arthur Adams, 2006, TwoMorrows Publishing.
- "Fight Fair". Myspace. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "Players: Jarrett Bush". The Official website of the Green Bay Packers. Green Bay Packers, Inc. 2009. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "The Official website of the Indianapolis Colts". Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- "Jermaine Dye: Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". The Official website of the Chicago White Sox. MLB Advanced Media. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official Athletic Website of the University of Missouri. CBS Interactive. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official website of the Philadelphia Eagles. Philadelphia Eagles. 2008. Archived from the original on July 2, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "Vacaville Football, Bulldogs in the Pros". Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- Sardar, Zahid (May 2010). "From city to rusticity" (PDF). Rosewood Magazine: 78–80.
- "Jacoby Shaddix-Biography". Internet Movie Database. IMDB.com. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- Garofoli, Joe (March 18, 2007). "Portraits of Sacrifice – Casey Sheehan: Vacaville". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications, Inc. p. E4. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "Meet Cindy". Cindy Sheehan for Congress. 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
- "Season 1 Revisited." Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew. Hst. Dr. Drew Pinsky. VH1. 20 Nov. 2011.
- "Player Bio:Thomas Williams". Official USC Website. USC. 2008. Archived from the original on May 26, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vacaville, California.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vacaville.|